- The Novel human coronavirus also called ‘Covid-19’ was discovered in Wuhan China, 2019 and has now spread throughout the world.
The virus has also been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the majority of people who contracts the Covid-19, suffer only mild, cold-like symptoms. The symptoms could include:
– High fever
– Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
The symptoms can appear 2 – 14 days after exposure, according to the centres for disease control (CDC).
Coronavirus – severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, or Sars-CoV-2; is a respiratory disease that first attacks the upper respiratory tract before moving down to the lungs causing organ damage, this leads to Shortness of breathing and pneumonia.
This fact is making everyone get worried about their lung health. People are looking out for ways to boost their immunity and keep their lungs healthy, to save themselves from the deadly virus. After all, healthy lungs are a defense mechanism of our immune system.
In order to keep our lungs healthy to fight the germs; Here are ways to keep our Lungs healthy:
1). Avoid Exposure to Environmental Pollutants
Exposure to environmental pollutants such as Fire-retardants, Formaldehyde, Cleaning agent vapours, Mold, Dust – mites, Pollen, Carbon monoxide, Secondhand smoke, Ozone or smog in the air can damage your lungs and accelerate aging. When one is young and strong, your lungs can easily resist these toxins. As you get older, though, they lose some of that resistance and become more vulnerable to infections and disease.
2). Breathe Harder and Exercise More
Breathing helps the lungs by breaking down mucus which traps bacteria and virus from going further down the lungs and expelling it from the body. Getting regular exercise is probably the most important thing you can do for the health of your lungs. Just as exercise keeps your body in shape, it keeps your lungs in shape too.
When you exercise, your heart beats faster and your lungs work harder. Your body needs more oxygen to fuel your muscles. Your lungs step up their activity to deliver that oxygen while expelling additional carbon dioxide. Creating strong, healthy lungs through exercise helps you to better resist aging and disease. Even if you do develop lung disease down the road, exercise helps to slow the progression and keeps you active longer.
3). Quit Smoking
Cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Cigarette smoke can narrow the air passages and make breathing more difficult. It causes chronic inflammation, or swelling in the lung, which can lead to chronic bronchitis. Over time cigarette smoke destroys lung tissue and may trigger changes that grow into cancer. If you smoke, it’s never too late to benefit from quitting
5). Avoid Germy Environment
Covering coughs and sneezes, is the polite thing to do, but it’s also good hygiene. A well-placed crook of the elbow can prevent the spread of viruses that cause the flu, the common cold, and more serious respiratory illnesses. Pneumonia often develops as a complication of a respiratory infection, especially the flu. Other strategies for preventing the spread of germs that cause lung infection include hand-washing and staying home when you’re sick or avoiding close contact with others who have respiratory infections. Anyone can get pneumonia, but older adults, children, and people with chronic diseases like asthma and COPD are especially vulnerable.
6). Steam Therapy
Steam therapy, or steam inhalation, involves inhaling water vapor to open the airways and help the lungs drain mucus.
People with lung conditions may notice their symptoms worsening in cold or dry air. This climate can dry out the mucous membranes in the airways and restrict blood flow.
Conversely, steam adds warmth and moisture to the air, which may improve breathing and help loosen mucus inside the airways and lungs. Inhaling water vapor can provide immediate relief and help people breathe more easily.
Laughing is a great exercise to work the abdominal muscles and increase lung capacity, according to a research. It also clears out your lungs by forcing enough stale air out that it allows fresh air to enter into more areas of the lung.
8). Get Regular Check-ups
If you have a serious illness like COPD, emphysema or lung Cancer, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath during simple activities
- Pain when breathing
- Dizziness with a change in activity
- A persistent cough
- Wheezing with exercise
- Cough associated with exercising
- Pain in the airway (the path air follows to get into and out of the lungs).