Insomnia: Causes, Types and Symptoms

Individuals in different parts of the world at some point suffer from sleep disorder.

Insomnia is a type of sleep disorder whereby individuals find it difficult to fall asleep, stay asleep or cause you to wake up too early and makes it difficult to get back to sleep.

Individuals who suffer from insomnia may still feel tired and don’t feel refreshed when they wake up.

Insomnia: Causes, Types and Symptoms
Not feeling refreshed after waking up. 

Sleep disorder can drain your energy level and cause your mood swings, it also put your health at risk and affects your work performance and quality of life.

Seven to eight hours of sleep every night is proper for adults although the time varies from person to person.

An insomniac is one who suffers an inability or difficulty sleeping; a sufferer from insomnia.

At some point, individuals experience short term insomnia which may last for some days or week, while for others it can be long term which is termed chronic insomnia because it lasts for a month or more; but not to worry at Healthy Health Consult we are concerned about the quality of your health, therefore, we came up with everything you need to know about insomnia in order to overcome it.

Symptoms of Insomnia

Often, people don’t realize that they are suffering from insomnia until it becomes detrimental to their health and the doctor diagnoses them of it. Being able to recognize it at the early stage will prevent lots of other related problems. Below are common symptoms that can help you identify that you or a person is suffering from insomnia:

  • Difficulty falling asleep at night.
  • Difficulty staying asleep at night (except you are working overnight).
  • Waking up during the night or too early.
  • Tiredness and sleepiness during the day.
  • Not feeling refreshed or well-rested after a night rest.
  • Continuous worry about sleep.
  • Depression, irritability and anxiety.
  • Sleeping during work hours.
  • Fatigue.
  • Mood changes/mood swing.

Types of insomnia.

  1. Primary insomnia: This insomnia is not caused by another condition but often triggered by life changes, such as a varying work schedule.
  2. Secondary insomnia: Results from an underlying health condition or lifestyle habits, such as mental health condition or excessive uncontrollable daytime sleeping.

Who is at risk

At any point in one’s life, one can suffer from insomnia therefore it can occur at any age and is more likely to affect women than men.

You are more likely to suffer more from insomnia if:

  • You’re under a lot of stress: stressful events can lead to temporary insomnia. But if the stressor continues for a long period it can lead to chronic insomnia.

Read also, Learn how to manage and deal with stress.

  • You’re a woman: Insomnia is very common with pregnancy. Hormonal shifts during the menstrual cycle and in menopause may play a role. During menopause, night sweats and hot flashes often disrupt sleep.

    Insomnia: Causes, Types and Symptoms
    Insomnia due to a menstrual cycle. 
  • You’re a user of illegal drugs: Illegal drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, and methamphetamines. Nicotine can disrupt sleep and reduce total sleep time; according to study, smokers report more daytime sleepiness than do nonsmokers, especially in younger age groups.
  • You’re a traveller: travelling especially across regions with different time zone can also be a factor of insomnia.
  • Your work schedule is irregular: Changing shifts at work can disrupt one’s sleep. For example switch from daytime shift to night shift or vice versa.

    Insomnia: Causes, Types and Symptoms
    Daytime sleeping due to irregular work shift. 
  • You’re an elderly person: the more one gets older, the person sleep pattern is likely to change therefore insomnia might occur if one is above 60 years.
  • You have a mental health disorder or physical health condition: Often time issues that affect your mental or physical health can disrupt your ability to sleep effectively.

Read also, about the best remedies for Insomnia. 

By Justine Nnamdi

Ifedozie Justine Nnamdi popularly known as LekkiBoy is a young Nigerian that's passionate about how he can improve lives and add values to them. He wanna change the world and give people reasons to live and succeed.

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