Stress: Causes and Types

The perfect way to deal and overcome a situation is by learning about the situation. At Healthy Health Consult your health is our priority therefore we want to help you on your quest to reduce and deal with stress.

Stress is a way your body respond to any kind of demand or threat. When you sense danger whether it’s real or imagined, the body’s defense mechanism kicks into high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the “fight or flight” reaction or the “stress response”.

Stress response is the body’s way of protecting you. When working properly, it helps you stay focused, energetic, and alert. In emergency situations, it can save your life. But beyond a certain point, when the stress increases it becomes “Chronic Stress” where it stops being helpful and starts causing major damage to your health, mood, productivity, relationships, and your quality of life.

Chronic stress disrupts nearly every system in your body. It can suppress your immune system, upset your digestive and reproductive systems. Chronic stress can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.  It can upset your reproductive system by speeding up your aging process. It can even rewire the brain, leaving you more vulnerable to anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems.

Chronic stress

Situations and pressures that cause stress are known as stressors. We usually think of stressors as being negative, such as an exhausting work schedule or a rocky and bad relationship. However, anything that puts high demands on you can be stressful. This includes positive events such as getting married, buying a house, going to the university, conceiving and having a baby.

Many people can hardly tell when they are being stressed, because it can easily creep up on you. You get used to it. It starts to feel familiar, even normal. You don’t notice how much it’s affecting you, even as it takes a heavy toll, the only time you notice is when it has affected your health.

Common Signs that you’re being stressed.

1. Physical symptoms:

– Aches and pains

– Feeling of Nausea or dizziness

– Chest pain, rapid heart rate

– Loss of sex drive

– Frequent colds or flu

– Loss of appetite for food

– Tired looks and weight loss.

2. Emotional symptoms:

– Depression  or unhappiness

– Feeling of anxiety and agitation

– Mood swing, irritability or anger

– Feeling overwhelmed

– Low self-esteem

– Other mental or emotional health problems.

3. Behavioural symptoms:

– Eating more or less

– Sleeping too much or too little

– Procrastinating or neglecting responsibilities

– Using alcohol, cigarettes, or drugs to relax

– Nervous habits (e.g. nail biting, pacing).

4. Cognitive symptoms:

– Memory problems

–  Inability to concentrate

– Poor judgment

– Seeing only the negative

– Constant worrying.

Common causes includes:

This  can be Internal or External

-Internal: this is the stress and pressures that you develop within. It could be by your thoughts or behaviours. These thoughts come from one’s psychological mindset or expectations. Examples include putting pressure on yourself to be perfect, pressure to look more beautiful, pressure to have big butts or breast, pressure to grow taller, fatter or pressure to loose weight. In more serious cases, internal stressors may lead to feelings of depression and anxiety, low self esteem or self hatred.

Internal stress may arise from: Pessimism, Inability to accept uncertainty, Rigid thinking, lack of flexibility, Negative self-talk, Unrealistic expectations / perfectionism, All-or-nothing attitude.

-External: these are pressures surrounding you, it could be from people, places, situations e.t.c.

External stress may arise from: Major life changes, Work or school, Relationship and marriage difficulties, Financial problems, Being too busy, Children and family, Peer pressure, amongst other factors.

One can easily assume control over internal stress unlike external stress. Especially if the external stress is from your boss at work and you don’t want to quit the job because of high unemployment rate.

Some events that can trigger stress  are:

1. Lack of financial stability

2. Death of a partner

3. Abusive marriage or relationship

4. Inability and attempts to conceive a baby

5. Death of a loved one (friend or family)

6. Divorce

7. Injury or illness

8. Job loss e.t.c.

Learn more about reducing stress and get tips on how to manage and deal with stress.

By Justine Nnamdi

Ifedozie Justine Nnamdi popularly known as LekkiBoy is a young Nigerian that's passionate about how he can improve lives and add values to them. He wanna change the world and give people reasons to live and succeed.

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