Are there Activities that men engage that harm their sperm? The answer is an emphatic YES!.
There are activities that can cause harm to sperm cells, most of which have become part of our lifestyle. Unfortunately, a lot of men are not even aware of these activities, as they cause damage or decrease sperm production.
Low sperm production in men is the leading cause of infertility in 20% of couples with fertility problems according to statistics.
For sperm to be produced, it must involve complex processes and requires the normal functioning of the testes as well as the hypothalamus and the pituitary glands, which together produce hormones that trigger sperm production. Once these sperm are produced in the testicles, they are stored in the epididymis.
During ejaculation, delicate tubes transport the sperm until they mix with the semen and are ejaculated out of the penis. When there is any problem in the normal functioning of these systems, sperm production can be affected.
Healthy sperm is necessary for fertility to occur. The World Health Organisation (WHO), classify sperm count at or above 15 million sperm count per millilitre (ml) of semen as average. Sperm counts below this average are considered as low sperm count hence diagnosed as Oligospermia.
Several activities you engage in and lifestyle can cause harm to your sperm cells without you even knowing.
Here are common ways men harm their sperm cells without knowing as adapted from a Tweet by Dr Peter Atangwho, the Chief Executive Medical Officer of TeleMed Online Clinic
Wearing Tight Underwears
Wearing tight underwears like tight pants or shorts keep your testicles closer to your body, leading to warmer temperatures that may kill sperm cells and lower sperm counts.
Wear loose boxers and go to bed naked if possible.
Bathing With Hot Water Frequently
Using hot water to bathe frequently may not be good for your testis as it exposes the testicles to heat.
Sperm cells are adapted to survive best at a temperature of around 20-25 degrees Celsius, which is lower than the normal body temperature (37°c).
It is best to bathe with cold water when you’re worried about infertility.
Placing Laptop Directly on your Lap
Heat and radiation from your laptops when placed directly on your laps can harm your sperm and cause lower sperm count.
Prolonged use of these gadgets on your laps may cause irreversible changes in your male reproductive function
It is better to place your laptops on a desk or table.
Tobacco smokes and other smoke agents contain more than 4,000 chemicals including a myriad of a known carcinogen
Exposure to tobacco smoke can have a negative effect on semen quality and decreases sperm ability to swim actively to fertilize the woman’s egg.
Avoid smoking and for those who smoke, should consider quitting, smoking damages your sperm in such a way that fertility becomes difficult.
This occurs when there is an abnormality in the veins of the scrotum. Varicoceles creates abnormal temperature inside the testis which can kill sperm cells and reduce sperm quality.
Infertility caused by low sperm count can be stressful for couples and the solution is being aware of common ways that cause damage to your sperm and quitting them is the key to healthier sperm cells.
When you are diagnosed with low sperm count, assisted reproductive techniques such as in-vitro fertilization is a good option.
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